1. Submission
The contents of the manuscripts shall be the sole responsibility of the authors and publication shall not imply the concurrence of editors and publishers.The following are the submission guidelines:
  • The mode of submission is via ScholarOne submission system.
  • All manuscripts shall be subject to aneditorial pre-screening process to assess suitability for the journal. Manuscripts that pass this initial screening process will be sent to reviewers in a double-blind peer review process of evaluation. Passing this initial screening does not guarantee that the manuscript will be accepted for publication.
  • Submission of a manuscript to the journal indicates formal acceptance by the author(s) of these peer review conditions and procedures.
  • Submission of the manuscript will be held to imply that it contains original unpublished work and is not being submitted for publication elsewhere at the same time.
  • Final responsibility for the selection and acceptance of manuscripts forpublication rests with the Editors.
    2. Manuscript Structure
    Manuscripts should be divided into headed sections (Introduction, Review of Literature, Research Methodology, Results and Discussion and Conclusions)but should not be numbered. The left-hand side margin for the manuscripts should be 4cm. The manuscript should be formatted in one column format with double line spacing throughout. The text and references should be checked thoroughly for errors before submission. It is the responsibility of the author to ensure that the typescript is correct in style, syntax and spelling. The text should be in Times New Roman font size 12.The length of the manuscript should be between 5000 to 7000 words, with tables, illustrations and references.
    3. Manuscript Submission
    Authors should submit two files. They should contain the following elements:
    a. Authors should submit two files. They should contain the following elements: Title Page File: This page should contain the full title of your paper (not more than 15 words) with name(s) of all the authors, institutions, phone and fax number and e-mail address. The corresponding author must be highlighted for editorial correspondence.
    b. Anonymous File: An anonymous file must exclude author identifying information. It must consist of the title of the manuscript, abstract of not more than 200 words and full manuscript including references. Keywords must also be provided on this page (Not more than five keywords in alphabetical order).
    4. Language (usage and editing services)
    Manuscripts should be written in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). The use of editing services is highly recommendedto eliminate possible grammatical or spelling errors.
    5. Abbreviations
    Any words to be abbreviated should be written in full when first mentioned followed by the abbreviation in parentheses.
    6. Illustrations
    All figures and tables should ONLY be in black and white. They should be numbered and headed with short titles (centered). They should not be inserted in the manuscript but supplied after the main body of text. In the text, the position of the figures and tables should be shown by typing on a separate line the words, "Insert Table/Figure X here".
    7. Equations and Formulae
    These must be set up clearly and should be typed double spaced. Use the Equation Editor or MathType for equations. If you use Microsoft Word 2007, do not create the equations with the default equation editor but use the Microsoft Equation Editor or Mathtype. Numbers identifying equations should be in brackets and placed on the right margin of the text.
    8. Acknowledgements
    Acknowledgements should appear at the end of the text before references.
    9. Footnotes
    Footnotes should be used sparingly. Number them consecutively throughout the article, using superscript Arabic numbers. Do not include footnotes in the Reference list. As for table footnotes, indicate each footnote with a superscript lowercase letter.
    10. References
    References should appear after any appendices, listed in alphabetical order by name(s) of author(s). Manuscripts should follow the Harvard referencing style. See sample article (website link). Separate each reference by single spacing. Literature citations in the text should be made by name (s) of author (s) and year. For references with more than two authors, the name of the first author followed by 'et al.' should be used.
    Download >>
    11. Originality and Copyright
    Manuscripts submitted to the journal should not have been published before in their current or substantially similar form, or be under consideration for publication with another journal.Authors submitting manuscripts for publication warrant that the work is not an infringement of any existing copyright and will indemnify the publisher against any breach of such warranty. For ease of dissemination and to ensure proper policing of use, manuscripts become the legal copyright of the publisher unless otherwise agreed.
    The journal's policy is to own copyright in all contributions. Before publication authors assign copyright to the Publisher, but retain the rights to republish this material in other works written or edited by the authors subject to full acknowledgement of the original source of publication.The copyright agreement will be sent together with the acceptance letter. All authors should be aware of the importance of presenting content that is based on their own research and expressed in their own words. The editor may make use of software for checking the originality of submissions received.